Rock of Ages: Stoneyfell Quarry: An Archaeological Investigation into Stonyfell Quarry’s Contribution to a Changing South Australian Landscape

01st December 2009

Bender TA AA69Christine C. Bender

BArch(Hons), Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, March 2004

Quarrying as an area of archaeological inquiry has been under-researched in Australia. In general, while the archaeology of buildings and features on the landscape has been widely researched, the procurement of resources essential in the building of these structures has gained little attention. By researching the quarry site, however, information beyond building style and location can be achieved. Identification of the resource, the methods used to win the resource and the way in which people worked the quarry, all have potential to add to existing research. The process of identifying building stone to its source through stone analyses allows the archaeologist to potentially identify the area of stone extraction. This thesis looks at the contribution made by Stonyfell Quarry to the development of the South Australian landscape from 1837 to 1955. The historical site of Stonyfell Quarry is an important area for historical archaeological study. Not only can it reveal the way in which stone was extracted from the landscape but also how this resource was used to develop a European colony in the new world. Adelaide is renowned for its beautiful stone buildings and owes much to the early quarriers of South Australia. Men using muscle power and few tools worked the quarries in the 1800s and produced a product that had many uses; cut stone for buildings and features, and crushed stone aggregate for constructing pathways, roads, tramways and railway tracks. The lives of the quarrymen who transformed the industry through time are reflected in the site and the local community buildings. The end use of the stone from Stonyfell Quarry is identified through primary source documentary evidence, oral history and stone analysis. By researching historical documentary evidence of the time, together with the physical evidence that remains on site and locally, an understanding of the contribution made by Stonyfell Quarry to the cultural landscape of South Australia is realised.

Christine C. Bender
Rock of Ages: Stoneyfell Quarry: An Archaeological Investigation into Stonyfell Quarry’s Contribution to a Changing South Australian Landscape
December 2009
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Thesis Abstracts
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