Identifying Camp 46r, the Burke and Wills ‘Plant Camp’

01st June 2011

Nick Hadnutt

BA(Hons), School of Social Science, The University of Queensland, October 2010

Archaeological investigations of colonial period exploration sites are poorly represented within archaeological literature, despite their significance as places where colonial powers sought to define and control new territories. My thesis contributes to this research field by presenting a comprehensive analysis of a camp site claimed to be Camp 46R of the Burke and Wills expedition of 1860–1861. The thesis primarily seeks to answer the question of whether this site is Burke and Wills Camp 46R. The research incorporates a detailed analysis of five separate collections of artefacts recovered from the site, an inventory of the expedition equipment compiled from primary and secondary sources and a site formation analysis.

The thesis matches information contained within the primary sources to specific artefacts and features identified within the site. A clear temporal occupation range for the site is developed that is compatible with the dates of the expedition. Evidence associated with both cultural and non-cultural site formation processes is identified, allowing a clear interpretation of the formation of the site and subsequent distribution of the artefacts. This research clearly identifies the site as an important Burke and Wills campsite.

Nick Hadnutt
Identifying Camp 46r, the Burke and Wills 'Plant Camp'
June 2011
Thesis Abstracts
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