New NEC Representatives
30th November 2018
AAA is pleased to announce that at last nights 2018 AAA AGM Chris Wilson and Amanpreet Kang were elected as the first Indigenous and Student Representatives to serve as part of the National Executive Committee of AAA. We welcome them and look forward to working closely together in 2019.
Proposed Preamble for AAA Code of Ethics
14th November 2018
At the 2017 AGM, we determined that principal authors of papers will be members of the Association.
Motion: “That at our annual conference and associated activities, that the first presenters/authors of papers and posters are required to be members of the Association, but the committee would be empowered in certain circumstances to waive that requirement that they determined”. Moved: Chair. Motion carried unanimously.”
This was in relation to a perceived lack of oversight when it comes to conference presenters who make transgressions against the AAA Code of Ethics. Because the Constitution cites membership expulsion in cases where, ‘in the opinion of the Committee the member has been guilty of conduct detrimental to the interests of the Association’ (section 32), the stipulation that presenters must be members gives us greater power to enforce our ethical principals in the context of the conference.
I reference the above because part of last year’s discussion included the notion that a preamble to the Code of Ethics could be useful, as this gives the Association the opportunity to spell out, upfront, the ‘spirit’ of the code, as well as the implications of transgressing the code.
“Lara noted that some associations write clear preambles about the principles of the association to their codes of ethics. She suggested that AAA write a clear preamble to add to the code of ethics.”
To that end, I have written this preamble (below), and present it for discussion:
The Australian Archaeological Association is committed to the highest standards of conduct in archaeological practice. The Code of Ethics identifies a common set of values informing the ethical principles upon which members of the Association base their practice. Ethical responsibilities often exceed legal obligations and are based upon values, principles and conforming practice, as well as adherence to social policy regarding the moral and ethical principles of archaeological practice. The Code of Ethics outlines the manner and method by which members should fulfil their ethical responsibilities to the interest groups with whom they work. In doing so, it does not seek to limit legitimate freedoms but to emphasise that the discharge of obligations detailed herein is crucial to proper practice. Adherence to the Code of Ethics is necessary for the well-being of all groups with whom members engage and vital to the integrity of the archaeological profession. In accepting these ethical principles, members shall endeavour to follow them consistently. Where members transgress the Code of Ethics, they may be subject to disciplinary procedures as defined by Section 32 of the Constitution.
John Chappell 24/04/1940 to 3/10/2018
11th October 2018
Dear AAA Members,
(This message received from Professor John Shine AC and Ian Lilley)
It is with great sadness that I write to inform you of the death of Professor John Chappell, aged 78 years.
John was a Geoscientist, elected to the Academy in 1992 for his major contributions toward understanding late Quaternary sea level changes, based on raised coral reefs in Papua New Guinea and elsewhere. John used stable isotopes and radiometric dating, to establish links between sea level, global ice volume, and past climates, contributing substantially to the astronomical theory of ice ages. John also worked on the late Quaternary history of coasts, reefs, and estuarine lowlands, and on high resolution analysis of lowland environmental histories. He developed predictive models of the effects of future sea-level changes on these important environments and made major contributions to measuring and understanding erosion, soil production and landscape evolution as well as prehistoric interactions between climate, the biota and humans.
John worked at the Australian National University since 1967 and was appointed Head of the Department of Biogeography and Geomorphology at the Research School of Pacific Studies from 1990-2000. In 2001, he joined the Research School of Earth Sciences as Professor. After he retired in 2005, John retained the position of Emeritus Professor at the ANU while living in Dunedin, New Zealand.
John was a very active contributor to the Academy and generously gave his time to serve on numerous committees, including: Sectional Committees responsible for Earth and Planetary Sciences (1993-97 and 2004-08); National Committees for Geography and for Quaternary Research (1993-2007); international exchange programs to Asia and Europe (1993-2000) and; the Academy’s International-biosphere Program during the early 1990s.
Our deepest condolences go to John’s family, and to his many colleagues and friends.
Professor John Shine AC PresAA
AAA wishes to also extend our condolences on behalf of our members to John’s family, colleagues and friends.
sincerely the AAA NEC.
In Memoriam – Dr Luise Anna Hercus AO
09th May 2018
Dr Luise Anna Hercus AO
January 16, 1926 to April 15, 2018
It is with great sadness that the Australian Archaeological Association learned of the recent passing of our friend and colleague, Dr. Luise Anna Hercus. Born in 1926, Luise and her Jewish family escaped Nazi Germany in 1938. She later studied and taught French at Oxford, immigrating to Australia in 1954 with her husband Dr. Graham Hercus.
Luise became a celebrated Aboriginal linguist and lecturer at the Australian National University, authoring hundreds of articles, books and monographs on Aboriginal history and culture. She worked her entire adult life as a linguist, participating on remote fieldwork projects in the Simpson Desert as recently as 2017, at the age of 91.
As some of you have seen, there have been a number of tributes written about her incredible life and scholarly contributions, including this article in The Australian:
Many of our members were fortunate to work with Luise, and we asked those that knew her to share some of their memories of her as a colleague and her interactions with archaeologists.
Dr. Marjorie Sullivan and Dr. Philip Hughes, who worked with Luise in the deserts of far north South Australia, recall these memories:
- Luise was fiercely independent. She was friendly but private, and even as she grew old and physically more frail she hesitated to ask for assistance, and tried to maintain her independence. She loved the bush near Canberra, and lived happily with an assortment of domestic and native animals. Her love of wombats, in particular the very large semi-domesticated ‘Rainbow’, meant most of the wooden door of her house had been burrowed or tunnelled to accommodate her companions. Over the last decade of her life when she became less agile, Luise had to move the wombats out, as they became a tripping hazard or were too affectionate and prone to knocking her over. But she remained happy to live much of the time alone, on her bush block.
- Luise was an excellent observer of the material culture of the desert people she worked with. She understood the importance of resource areas to the archaeological patterning of the landscape, and she tried to engage archaeologists or other specialists who could better record quarry sites and other resource areas. Isabel McBryde worked with Luise on quarries where large sandstone slabs were taken to make grinding dishes, and together they recorded the nature and use of these sites. We later worked on an unusual very extensive silcrete quarry Luise had recorded on a journey with Kuyani people. She had questioned the origin of the material described by other ethnographers as ‘chert’ or ‘jasper’ and was pleased when we visited to site (using her instructions and a map she had drawn many years previously) with Mick McKenzie and were able to explain its nature and origin in a way that made sense.
- Luise was candid and honest in her interactions with people. Although she certainly did not set out to give offence, she was outspoken in her opinions and conclusions, even if this annoyed her colleagues. Overwhelmingly however Luise had a sharp sense of humour – which was both self-deprecating and at times directed at the people with whom she was speaking. I think she found many people comical. Again she was honest, and perhaps some people were offended if she laughed at them, but mostly she laughed with them.
As a recorder of Aboriginal languages, Luise forged many friendships with indigenous groups around Australia that spanned generations. Senior Kuyani Man and archaeologist Mick Mckenzie shared some of his family’s personal experiences with Luise::
- Luise came to the Flinders Ranges around the late 1950’s to 60’s and was interviewing my Grandparents Angus & Eileen Mckenzie and their daughter Aunty Myra Mckenzie whom all have contributed languages fluently to Luise. We visited her at Canberra with the help of Philip Hughes, Marjorie Sullivan and Adrian Henham who took us to ANU and introduced us to her. As soon as I heard her voice from a distance I knew it was her from listening to her tapes interviewing my Grandparents. I said, your voice has never changed with a smile but we both smiled with a tear because my Grandparents and Aunty Myra weren’t there. I spoke and sang a song in Kuyani to her, and she got so excited that she has never heard anyone else do that for a very long time. Her question was, Mick where were you in the fifties? My reply, sorry I wasn’t born Ha.ha.ha.ha we laughed. I kept the tradition alive!
- Rosemary Mckenzie (my oldest sister) from Andamooka has had countless conversations with her also, and Luise has touched many out here to the west/north and south of the Flinders Ranges. She will be sadly missed by us McKenzie’s from the Wilpena Pound, Martins Well Station and Hawker areas where she walked a longtime ago learning and recording Kuyani, Wailpi, Yadliaurha and Piladappa languages with my close families.
Mick further shares the following memorium to Luise:
Yura (Thura) Ngawarla
Ngachu Adnyani, Nguarli , Artapi kinjara Ikandha Ardla niarringha
My Grandparents and Aunty are waiting for you near a warm fire.
Rest In Peace my dear from the Mckenzie’s and Clark’s
Luise Hercus was 92 when she passed, and she worked almost right to that point. She was an energetic and enthusiastic scholar and a very professional record-keeper and writer. Her contribution to the study of Australian Aboriginal languages is important and inspiring. She is survived by her son, Dr Iain Hercus, and daughter-in-law, Dr Anne-Mari Hercus.
MARITIME CONTACT ART SYMPOSIUM
12th April 2018
MARITIME CONTACT ART SYMPOSIUM
A series of fascinating, illustrated presentations and stories by rock art experts and other archaeologists describing investigations into a range of depictions, found across Australia, of European and other sea craft encountered by Aboriginal Australians. This will be followed by a Q&A panel. (https://maritimecasasha.eventbrite.com.au/)
Visions Theatre, National Museum of Australia, Acton
When: Sat. 14 April 2018
Start time: 9.30 am
End time: 12.00 pm
Cost: Gold coin donation
Contact: 1800 026 132
This is a free event (gold coin donation), part of the Canberra and Region Heritage Festival, and we encourage everyone who wants to learn about maritime rock art to attend.
Also, coinciding with the ACT Heritage Festival will be an open day at Tuggeranong Schoolhouse
For more information see here or please go to the CAS website – http://www.canberraarchaeologicalsociety.com.au/events.html
Calga Aboriginal Cultural Landscape considered for Heritage Register
02nd April 2018
AAA has been approached by the NSW Heritage Council who are considering a listing of the Calga Aboriginal Cultural Landscape on the State Heritage Register. Anyone who would like to comment on the proposed listing should contact president@australianarchaeolog
Review of WA Aboriginal Heritage legislation announced
09th March 2018
The West Australian Government announced today that the Aboriginal Heritage Act (1972) is under formal review with an intended bill by 2020. They have asked for external parties to express interest in the process and to review their consultation paper. Links to the media statement and the review are below.
AAA intend to take a proactive role in this consultation, headed up by the NEC, and will keep membership up to date on all developments. If there are interested members that would also like to be involved in the official AAA management of this important issue please contact firstname.lastname@example.org directly.
See links below:
SA Government Rejects Sale of Land Containing Archaeological Site
The AAA recently responded to the South Australian government regarding our organisation’s opposition to the proposed sale of waterfront Crown Land on Kangaroo Island. The Crown Land contains a registered Aboriginal archaeological site, and the local geomorphology has high potential for additional buried archaeological sites. See the AAA media release below:
We are happy to report that the SA government has rejected the sale of the Crown Land. The AAA joined 775 submissions opposed to the sale of the land, highlighting its important archaeological conservation values (only 5 submissions supported the proposed sale). See the story here:
Vale Bruce James Wright
12th February 2018
Bruce James Wright has recently passed away, as announced on 22 January 2018.
The following has been prepared by Moya Smith, on behalf of Alec Coles, of the Western Australian Museum, and reposted here with permission.
From 1975 until 1982 Bruce was the second Registrar of the Department of Aboriginal Sites, which was at that stage a department within the Western Australian Museum. Prior to his appointment as Registrar, Bruce was an Honorary Associate of the WA Museum, and renowned for his pioneering studies of Aboriginal rock art in the Pilbara region undertaken with the close involvement of Aboriginal community members. Initially employed as a teacher, then headmaster, before joining the WA Museum, Bruce was Superintendent of Curriculum for the WA Education Department.
His friendships with local Roebourne Aboriginal Elders motivated what is perhaps his major publication, Rock Art of the Pilbara region, North west Australia, Occasional Papers in Aboriginal Studies No. 11, published in 1968 by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies in Canberra (now AIATSIS). This foundational publication continues to be referred to in rock art research, 50 years after its publication.
Bruce’s time with the WA Museum occurred at the beginning of the exponential growth of mining and development in the State, and the refining of processes for protection of Aboriginal Heritage. He encouraged his staff to undertake fieldwork across the State, advocating the involvement of local Aboriginal people in their work.
He was a founding member of the Australian Association of Consulting Archaeologists, and as a consultant subsequent to his time with the WA Museum, his own consultancy reports are models of breadth in their coverage of site analysis.
The WA Museum expresses condolences to Bruce’s friends and family.
Source: Moya Smith, for Alec Coles, Western Australian Museum
Warwick Thornton’s We Don’t Need a Map – Now in cinemas
05th February 2018
|Warwick Thornton’s (Samson and Delilah, Sweet Country) critically acclaimed documentary We Don’t Need a Map is screening nationally in cinemas for a limited time. Originally screened as the opening night film at the 2017 Sydney Film Festival, We Don’t Need a Map is about the hijacking of an Australian icon.
The Southern Cross is the most famous constellation in the southern hemisphere. Ever since colonisation it’s been claimed, appropriated and hotly-contested for ownership by a radical range of Australian groups. But for Aboriginal people the meaning of this heavenly body is deeply spiritual. And just about completely unknown. For a start, the Southern Cross isn’t even a cross – it’s a totem that’s deeply woven into the spiritual and practical lives of Aboriginal people.
We Don’t Need A Map is an epic telling of Australia’s history, told through our collective relationship to one famous constellation.
It is a challenging, poetic, cosmic essay about who we are as a nation.
The film proudly defines Aboriginal people’s lore and spiritual relationship with the land as fundamental to this nation.
And yet under the one night sky, we are all connected now … all people of this land, all Australians. So how do we want to move forward?
When we are lost we don’t need a map,
we just need a clear view.
Visit www.wedontneedamapmovie.com for more information.