Stone artefacts from the 1994 excavation at Mata Menge, West Central Flores, Indonesia

13th January 2014

View across Mata Menge (published in Australian Archaeology 44:27).

View across Mata Menge (published in Australian Archaeology 44:27).

Mike J. Morwood, F. Aziz, G.D. van den Bergh, P.Y. Sondaar and J. De Vos

Introduction*

Homo erectus first appeared in Indonesia between 1 million (Itihara et al. 1994; De Vos and Sondaar 1994) and 1.8 million years ago (Swisher et al. 1994). This evidence comes from the island of Java, which at various times during Pleistocene sea level fluctuations was connected to the Asian mainland. East of Java/Bali, sea crossings were always required to reach the islands of the Lesser Sunda Island chain and ultimately Australia. It is generally thought that Homo erectus populations lacked the required intellectual, linguistic and technological capacity to make these crossings, and that the islands of eastern Indonesia were occupied relatively recently, between 40,000 and 60,000 years ago by fully modem humans (e.g. Bowdler 1993; Davidson and Noble 1992).

*Note that an abstract was not included with this paper, and so the introductory paragraph has been included here instead of the abstract.

Morwood, M.J., F. Aziz, G.D. van den Bergh, P.Y. Sondaar and J. De Vos
Stone artefacts from the 1994 excavation at Mata Menge, West Central Flores, Indonesia
June 1997
44
26–34
Article
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