Lithic artefact distribution in the Rouse Hill Development Area, Cumberland Plain, New South Wales

01st June 2010

White and McDonald AA70 Figure3

Artefact distribution and mean density at tested areas (from Australian Archaeology 70:36).

Beth White and Jo McDonald

For several years systematic test excavations have been conducted in the open landscape  of the Rouse Hill Development Area (RHDA), as part of development impact mitigation projects. Data on artefact distribution and density from these projects are combined here to identify patterns which might signal Aboriginal peoples’ preferences for artefact discard in their landscape. Topographic and stream order variables correlate with artefact density and distribution. High artefact density concentrations may have resulted from larger numbers of artefact discard activities and/or from intensive stone flaking. Highest
artefact densities occur on terraces and lower slopes associated with 4th and 2nd order streams, especially 50–100m from 4th order streams. Upper slopes have sparse discontinuous artefact distributions but artefacts are still found in these landscape settings. As artefacts are found in all tested areas and site boundaries are not identified, most of the RHDA could be regarded as a cultural landscape.

Beth White and Jo McDonald
Lithic artefact distribution in the Rouse Hill Development Area, Cumberland Plain, New South Wales
June 2010
70
29-38
Article
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