Blowing in the wind: Site destruction and site creation at Hawker Lagoon, South Australia

24th May 2014

Exposed artefacts (published in Australian Archaeology 40:60).

Exposed artefacts (published in Australian Archaeology 40:60).

David Cameron, Peter White, Ron Lampert and Stan Florek

Introduction*

The post-depositional movement of stone artefacts within sites by treadage and scuffage (e.g. Matthews 1965; Stockton 1973) and site-maintenance activities (Steele 1987), their movement by animals and especially birds (Cane 1982; Solomon et al. 1986), and their in situ alteration (Hiscock 1985) have all been recorded in Australia. Site destruction on a large scale, especially by wave action and erosion on the coasts, has been commonly invoked in explanations of prehistory and sometimes demonstrated (e.g. Head 1987; Godfrey 1989). We present here preliminary investigations into a further stage in these taphonomic processes. We demonstrate not only site destruction in a semi-arid environment but also the formation of a new ‘site’, incorporating disturbed cultural material in a new deposit which could be mistakenly interpreted as an undisturbed occupation horizon.

*Note that an abstract was not included with this paper, and so the introductory paragraph has been included here instead of the abstract.

Cameron, D., P. White, R. Lampert and S. Florek
Blowing in the wind: Site destruction and site creation at Hawker Lagoon, South Australia
June 1990
30
58–69
Article
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